Eminent Persons of Abadan: ‘Houshang Golshiri’


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Wikipedia. Houshang Golshiri (1937 – 2000) was an Iranian fiction writer, critic and editor. He was one of the first Iranian writers to use modern literary techniques, and is recognized as one of the most influential writers of Persian prose of the 20th century.[1]

BIOGRAPHY

Early life 

Although Golshiri was born on Isfahan in 1937[2] but he was grew in Abadan during 1942 to 1955. He considered thirteen years of living in Abadan including the most important years of his life, He says: “Stay in Abadan from 1942 to 1955 should be the creator of my intellectual vita and feelings, my father was constructor worker and worked on the Abadan oil company ‘minarets’ and we constantly went from house to another house, and it was all play together for us. also there was Poverty, but it was not clear, because we were all the same and we were in world of ignorance.” Golshiri was including the golden generation of Razi’ high school graduates. He came from a large family of modest circumstances. From 1955 to 1974, Golshiri leaved Abadan city and moved to his hometown that is Isfahan, where he completed a bachelor’s degree in “Persian” at the University of Isfahan and taught elementary and high school there and in surrounding towns.

Writing career 

Golshiri began writing fiction in the late 1950s. His publication of short stories in Payam-e Novin and elsewhere in the early 1960s, his establishment of Jong-e Isfahan (1965/73),[3] the chief literary journal of the day published outside of Tehran, and his participation in efforts to reduce official censorship of imaginative literature brought him a reputation in literary circles.

Golshiri’s first collection of short stories was As Always (1968). He became famous for his first novel Prince Ehtejab (1968/69). Translated in Literature East & West 20 (1980), it is the story of aristocratic decadence, implying the inappropriateness of monarchy for Iran. Shortly after production of the popular feature film based on the novel, Pahlavi authorities arrested Golshiri and incarcerated him for nearly six months.

An autobiographical and less successful novel called Christine and Kid came out in 1971, followed by a collection of short stories called My Little Prayer Room 1975, and a novel called Ra’i’s Lost Lamb 1977.

In 1978, Golshiri travelled to the United States. Back in Iran in early 1979, Golshiri married Farzaneh Taheri whom he credits with editing his subsequent writing and was active in the revitalized Association of Iranian Writers, the editing of journals, literary criticism, and short-story writing. In the 1980s, he published The Fifth Innocent (1980), The Antique Chamber (1983), The Story of the Fisherman and the Demon (1984), and Five Treasures (1989), which he published in Stockholm during a visit to Europe in 1989. In 1990, under a pseudonym, Golshiri published a novella in translation called King of the Benighted, an indictment of Iranian monarchy, engage Persian literature, the Tudeh Party, and the Islamic Republic. A collection of Golshiri stories in translation was scheduled for publication in 1991 with the title Blood and Aristocrats and Other Stories.

In the winter of 1998 he published The Book of Genies and Struggle of Image with Painter, and in the autumn of 1999 he released a collection of articles called Garden in Garden.

In 1999 Golshiri was awarded the Erich-Maria Remarque Peace Prize. [4]

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International Speeches and Readings 
In 1989, in his first trip abroad after the revolution, Golshiri went to the Netherlands along with various cities in the UK and Sweden to give speeches and readings. In 1990, he traveled to the House of World Cultures in Berlin, Germany. On this trip, he spoke and gave readings in various cities in Germany, Sweden, Denmark and France. In the spring two years later, he went to Germany, the United States, Sweden, and Belgium. In 1993, he visited Germany, the Netherlands, and Belgium again.

Tomb of Golshiri in "Karaj" cemetery
Tomb of Golshiri in “Karaj” cemetery

Death
He died in Iran Mehr hospital in Tehran in June 2000 at the age of 63 after a long illness.  A cultural foundation was established after his death.[5] It runs the prestigious Hooshang Golshiri Literary Awards.

Works

The Book of Genies (Jen Nameh)
Struggle of Image with Painter (Jedal-e Naghsh ba Naghash)
Garden in Garden (Bagh dar Bagh)
The Story of the Fisherman and the Demon (Hadis-e Mahigir va Div)
The Fifth Innocent (Massoum-e Panjom)
Five Treasures (Panj Ganj)
Christine and Kid (Keristin va Kid)
Ra’i’s Lost Lamb (volume 1): Burial of the Living (Barreh-ye Gomshodeh-ye ra’i: (jeld-e Avval) tadfin-e Zendegan)
My Little Prayer Room (Namazkhaneh-ye kuchek-e man)
As Always (Mesl-e hamisheh)
Prince Ehtejab (Shazdeh ehtejab)
The Antique Chamber (Jobbeh’khaneh)

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Adaptations

The novel Prince Ehtejab (Shazdeh Ehtejab) was adapted into a film with the same title by Bahman Farmanara,1974
The short story First Innocent (Masoome Aval) was adapted into a film with the title “Tall Shadows of the Wind” (Sayehaye Bolande Bad) by Bahman Farmanara,1978

References

^ Houshang Golshiri (2000-06-05). “Houshang Golshiri iranian fiction book writer”. Mage.com. Retrieved 2012-09-05.
^ Hušang Golširi (b. 1937) iranicaonline.org
^ “هوشنگ گلشیری”. Aftab.ir. 2007-05-10. Retrieved 2012-09-05.
^ Houshang Golshiri (2000-06-05). “Houshang Golshiri iranian fiction book writer”. Mage.com. Retrieved 2012-09-05.

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