The financial inspection of the companys books

From “Oil Nationalisation and Managerial Disclosure: The Case of Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, 1933-1951” Chapter 4: Profit distribution by the AIOC AUTHOR : NEVEEN ABDELREHIM | THE UNIVERSITY OF YORK Ferrier has pointed out that, as part of Persia‟s dividend was based on 20% of the company‟s profits, the Iranian government must certainly be aware of…

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Dividends and Subsidiaries (Establishments outside Iran)

From “Oil Nationalisation and Managerial Disclosure: The Case of Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, 1933-1951” Chapter 4: Profit distribution by the AIOC Author : Neveen Abdelrehim | The university of york Dividends were restricted as a result of post war limitations imposed on British companies by the British Government and the AIOC “could not as one of…

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Royalties

From “Oil Nationalisation and Managerial Disclosure: The Case of Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, 1933-1951” Chapter 4: Profit distribution by the AIOC Author : Neveen Abdelrehim | The university of york Royalties were paid by the AIOC to Iran in return for taking away minerals from their exhaustible natural deposits, and they should reflect either a proportion…

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Taxes and Immunities

From “Oil Nationalisation and Managerial Disclosure: The Case of Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, 1933-1951” Chapter 4: Profit distribution by the AIOC Author : Neveen Abdelrehim | The university of york Iranians were willing to see the payment terms improved because they were dissatisfied with the massive amount of tax paid to the British government[516]. The Memorandum…

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Iranian Claims and AIOC Counter claims: Empirical Evidence

From “Oil Nationalisation and Managerial Disclosure: The Case of Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, 1933-1951” Chapter 4: Profit distribution by the AIOC Author : Neveen Abdelrehim | The university of york The 1933 concession and the Supplemental Agreement had a number of key points which proved controversial and resulted in the issuance of Gidel‟s Memorandum. The Memorandum…

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The 1933 concession: Claims and Counter Claims

From “Oil Nationalisation and Managerial Disclosure: The Case of Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, 1933-1951” Chapter 4: Profit distribution by the AIOC Author : Neveen Abdelrehim | The university of york In the light of the literature reviewed in chapter 2, the question of distribution of oil income continued to be a major source of rising conflict…

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Review of empirical evidence

From “Oil Nationalisation and Managerial Disclosure: The Case of Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, 1933-1951” Chapter 3: Employee relations and Iranianisation Author : Neveen Abdelrehim | The university of york The above discussion has re-considered the claims and counter claims of the AIOC and Iranian representatives in the light of Fraser‟s public and private correspondence. Historical evidence…

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The Public and Private position of the AIOC senior management

From “Oil Nationalisation and Managerial Disclosure: The Case of Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, 1933-1951” Chapter 3: Employee relations and Iranianisation Author : Neveen Abdelrehim | The university of york Part of Fraser‟s strategy was to use financial reporting as a means of communication to maintain employee confidence. In view of nationalisation and the associated uncertainties from…

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Medical Treatment

From “Oil Nationalisation and Managerial Disclosure: The Case of Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, 1933-1951” Chapter 3: Employee relations and Iranianisation Author : NEVEEN Abdelrehim | The university of york The discrimination against Iranians resulted in a mix of different groups including nationality, class and employment status. The total number of hospital beds provided by the AIOC…

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Wages

From “Oil Nationalisation and Managerial Disclosure: The Case of Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, 1933-1951” Chapter 3: Employee relations and Iranianisation Author : Neveen Abdelrehim | The university of YORK The level of wages paid in the oil industry was considered more favourable than in other sectors with regard to unskilled labour[432]. Working conditions and training given…

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“Iranian” claims for discrimination within the AIOC: Empirical evidence

From “Oil Nationalisation and Managerial Disclosure: The Case of Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, 1933-1951” Chapter 3: Employee relations and Iranianisation Author : Neveen  Abdelrehim | The university of york The nationalisation crisis brought the topic of discrimination into sharp focus and it became the subject of claim and counter-claim from the company‟s board and Iranian nationalist…

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Negotiating Iranianisation and Article (16)

From “Oil Nationalisation and Managerial Disclosure: The Case of Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, 1933-1951” Chapter 3: Employee relations and Iranianisation Author : Neveen  Abdelrehim | The university of york The Iranian government argued that the employment of foreigners entailed heavy costs of expatriation, travel, relocation not incurred by Iranians. The aim was therefore to reduce the…

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Iranianisation: Claims, Counter Claims and Article 16

From “Oil Nationalisation and Managerial Disclosure: The Case of Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, 1933-1951” Chapter 3: Employee relations and Iranianisation Author : Neveen  Abdelrehim | The university of york With the 1933 agreement, there were new employment rules specified to the recruitment of the artisans, technical and commercial staff from iranian nationals. The AIOC, aware of…

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Coup in 1953 and NIOC

From “Oil Nationalisation and Managerial Disclosure: The Case of Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, 1933-1951” Chapter 2: AIOC History, oil and Iranian politics. AUTHOR: NEVEEN  ABDELREHIM | THE UNIVERSITY OF YORK The years preceding nationalisation witnessed a series of failed proposals on the one hand, and a succession of Iranian governments and institutional changes on the other,…

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The Stokes mission

From “Oil Nationalisation and Managerial Disclosure: The Case of Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, 1933-1951” Chapter 2: AIOC History, oil and Iranian politics. AUTHOR: NEVEEN  ABDELREHIM | THE UNIVERSITY OF YORK   Britain was concerned that Iran might use its oil as a political weapon in order to claim a share in the company‟s worldwide profits under…

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Nationalisation in 1951

From “Oil Nationalisation and Managerial Disclosure: The Case of Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, 1933-1951” Chapter 2: AIOC History, oil and Iranian politics. AUTHOR: NEVEEN  ABDELREHIM | THE UNIVERSITY OF YORK As mentioned earlier, the problem between the Iranian government and the AIOC mainly arose in 1931 because of the decline in prices and again in 1948…

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1947 negotiations and the Supplemental Agreement

From “Oil Nationalisation and Managerial Disclosure: The Case of Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, 1933-1951” Chapter 2: AIOC History, oil and Iranian politics. AUTHOR: NEVEEN  ABDELREHIM | THE UNIVERSITY OF YORK Attempts to resolve the disagreements between the Iranian government and the company failed and the company was renamed the Anglo Iranian Oil Company (AIOC). The Iranian…

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1933 Agreement

From “Oil Nationalisation and Managerial Disclosure: The Case of Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, 1933-1951” Chapter 2: AIOC History, oil and Iranian politics. AUTHOR: NEVEEN  ABDELREHIM | THE UNIVERSITY OF YORK The 1933 Concessionary Agreement defined several rights and obligations for the AIOC and the Iranian government, to guarantee the continuation of the company‟s operations. The concession…

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The D’Arcy concession, AIOC’s domination in Iran

From “Oil Nationalisation and Managerial Disclosure: The Case of Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, 1933-1951” Chapter 2: AIOC History, oil and Iranian politics. AUTHOR: NEVEEN  ABDELREHIM | THE UNIVERSITY OF YORK The D’Arcy concession In 1901, William Knox D‟Arcy, the son of an Irish solicitor and a millionaire London socialite was the real founder of the AIOC[113]….

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The establishment of the AIOC, importance of oil

From “Oil Nationalisation and Managerial Disclosure: The Case of Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, 1933-1951” Chapter 2: AIOC History, oil and Iranian politics. AUTHOR: NEVEEN  ABDELREHIM | THE UNIVERSITY OF YORK The establishment of the AIOC The literature on the AIOC emanates from a number of very different sources[98]. In the post war years, the development of…

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The Consortium Agreement of 1954

Credit: Iran Review A year after the overthrow of Premier Mohammad Mossadegh the new Iranian government concluded its predecessor’s negotiations with Britain over the Anglo – Iranian Oil Company (BP). The Dispute was finalized with the incorporation of an international oil consortium which reduced  BP’s share to 40%. With a pro-Western Shah and the new pro-Western Prime…

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Breaking the Siege of Abadan

  This operation was an offensive of the Iran-Iraq war between 27–29 September 1981 where Iran broke the Iraqi Siege of Abadan. Iran began to carry out their main offensive against Abadan. During the night, the Iranians infiltrated a force of 20-30,000 troops across the Bahmanshir River towards the Iraqi forces on the east bank of the Karun River…

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Political Complications

Credit: Ian Speller, National University of Ireland, Maynooth. From “Contemporary British History, Vol.17, No.1 (Spring 2003), pp.39–66” [Part 3]     These military difficulties were exacerbated by political factors. A clear problem for the British was the attitude of the United States towards the use of military force at Abadan. The American position was communicated…

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Bold and Quick Action?

Credit: Ian Speller, National University of Ireland, Maynooth. From “Contemporary British History, Vol.17, No.1 (Spring 2003), pp.39–66” [Part 2]   Initially, elements within the UK armed forces appeared willing to countenance great risks in order to achieve swift and decisive action to secure Abadan. On 18 May the Chief of the Air Staff, Sir John…

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A Splutter of Musketry? The British Military Response to the Anglo-Iranian Oil Dispute, 1951

  Credit: Ian Speller, National University of Ireland, Maynooth. From “Contemporary British History, Vol.17, No.1 (Spring 2003), pp.39–66” [Part 1] This article examines the British response to the crisis that resulted from the Iranian decision to nationalise the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company in 1951. The British government contemplated the use of military force from the outset…

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Oil Politics and Coup d’état against Mossadegh

Credit: Maysam Behravesh, PhD Lund University From “The Formative Years of Anglo-Iranian Relations (1907–1953): Colonial Scramble for Iran and Its Political Legacydome” Upon his succession to the throne of Iran in September 1941,Mohammad Reza Shah found himself under enormous foreign, not least British and American, control that inclined him to design Iran’s foreign and domestic…

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Iranian Oil at British Hands

Credit: Maysam Behravesh, PhD Lund University “The Formative Years of Anglo-Iranian Relations (1907–1953): Colonial Scramble for Iran and Its Political Legacydome” Since the discovery of oil in Iran by D’Arcy’s oil exploration company in 1908, and especially after the end of World War I in 1918, until the start of the Mosaddeq premiership in 1951,…

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Labour Activism Encounters Nationalism

Credit: Touraj Atabaki from “Studies in History: Far from Home, But at Home: Indian Migrant Workers in the Iranian Oil Industry” source: Jawaharlal Nehru University. The dialectics between nationalism and labour movements during colonial rule in Asia and Africa have been the subject of a few major studies.[63] Increasingly, large-scale labour migrations became a feature…

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Abadan, a Triple City

Credit: Touraj Atabaki from “Studies in History: Far from Home, But at Home: Indian Migrant Workers in the Iranian Oil Industry” source: Jawaharlal Nehru University.   In her seminal study of colonial urbanization in Morocco, Janet Lughod refers to Rabat as a dual city, with sharply segregated urban spaces of the colonizer and the colonized.[48]…

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Far from Home, But at Home: Indian Migrant Workers in the Iranian Oil Industry

Credit: Touraj Atabaki from “Studies in History: Far from Home, But at Home: Indian Migrant Workers in the Iranian Oil Industry” source: Jawaharlal Nehru University.   Abstract This article revisits the life and times of Indian migrant workers in Persia/Iran during the first half of the twentieth century, and discusses their contributions to the founding,…

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Abadan: planning and architecture under the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company

Credit: Mark Crinson from “Planning Perspectives, Volume 12, Issue 3, 1997, pages 341- 359.” History of Art Department, University of Manchester  Industry and urbanization were brought to south-west Iran when large quantities of oil were struck there in the early years of this century. This paper explores the development of Abadan from these beginnings to the…

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Production of Place as a Contested Process

Credit: Kaveh Ehsani, Leiden University From “The social history of labor in the Iranian oil industry : the built environment and the making of the industrial working class (1908-1941)” Place is a social construct that both constitutes and is constituted by social relations (see chapter 1). The production of place and the interpretation of its…

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Public Space

Credit: Kaveh Ehsani, Leiden University From “The social history of labor in the Iranian oil industry : the built environment and the making of the industrial working class (1908-1941)”   The wide boulevards and the grid pattern that characterized the formal spaces of Abadan distinguished it from other Iranian cities in the interwar period. The…

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Modernizing the household

Credit: Kaveh Ehsani, Leiden University From “The social history of labor in the Iranian oil industry : the built environment and the making of the industrial working class (1908-1941)” By the mid 1930s the Company was increasingly faced with the exigency of finding ways to house its enormous workforce, but it also had to adapt…

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The Urban Process in Abadan 1929-1941

Credit: Kaveh Ehsani, Leiden University From “The social history of labor in the Iranian oil industry : the built environment and the making of the industrial working class (1908-1941)” After highly protracted and contentious negotiations that began in 1928 the Iranian government granted a new 60-year oil concession to APOC in 1933. At one point…

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Successive Waves of Industrialization and Labor Activism

Credit: Kaveh Ehsani, Leiden University From “The social history of labor in the Iranian oil industry : the built environment and the making of the industrial working class (1908-1941)” The history of industrialization in the interwar era can be roughly divided into two periods: 1919-1931 and 1931-1941. In the first period, the government facilitated and…

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Labor Activism in the interwar years

Credit: Kaveh Ehsani, Leiden University From “The social history of labor in the Iranian oil industry : the built environment and the making of the industrial working class (1908-1941)” The consolidation of the oil complex brought with it new forms of labor activism among the industrial working class. The new collective political agency of the…

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Patching Together a Fragmented Provincial Geography with Guns and Oil

Credit: Kaveh Ehsani, Leiden University From “The social history of labor in the Iranian oil industry : the built environment and the making of the industrial working class (1908-1941)”   In 1924 the Prime Minister Reza Khan visited APOC installations at Abadan and the Fields and was received formally and with eager hospitality by the…

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After the Honeymoon was Over: Urban Strife and the Social Question in post 1926 Abadan

  Credit: Kaveh Ehsani, Leiden University From “The social history of labor in the Iranian oil industry : the built environment and the making of the industrial working class (1908-1941)” Most histories of this period have depicted the reasons behind the increasingly turbulent relationships between APOC and the Iranian Government between 1928-1933 as caused by…

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The Honeymoon of 1926

  Credit: Kaveh Ehsani, Leiden University From “The social history of labor in the Iranian oil industry : the built environment and the making of the industrial working class (1908-1941)” In the winter of1926, after Reza Shah had ascended the throne, the government re-opened the case of the Bazaar. Now the terms of the inquiry…

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Illusions of Segregation: Servants and the Politics of Domestic Households

Credit: Kaveh Ehsani, Leiden University From “The social history of labor in the Iranian oil industry : the built environment and the making of the industrial working class (1908-1941)” Illusions of Segregation: Servants and the Politics of Domestic Households As it turned out Greenhouse’s urgency in the autumn of 1925 had not been misplaced. The…

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The Politics of property in interwar Abadan

Credit: Kaveh Ehsani, Leiden University From “The social history of labor in the Iranian oil industry : the built environment and the making of the industrial working class (1908-1941)”   Who ‘owned’ this urban land? What was the meaning of property under these changing circumstances? Chapter 3 discussed the incongruence of different notions of property…

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Militant Particularism in Abadan

  Credit: Kaveh Ehsani, Leiden University From “The social history of labor in the Iranian oil industry : the built environment and the making of the industrial working class (1908-1941)” The Company’s plan to evict residents and merchants, paying compensation to those who had some form of official property title (it is unclear how many…

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The Politics of Food

Credit: Kaveh Ehsani, Leiden University From “The social history of labor in the Iranian oil industry : the built environment and the making of the industrial working class (1908-1941)” The Company’s claim about food supplies being of vital importance, on an equal par with clean water, housing, and sanitation were not off the mark. As…

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The Bazaar of Abadan

  Credit: Kaveh Ehsani, Leiden University From “The social history of labor in the Iranian oil industry : the built environment and the making of the industrial working class (1908-1941)” Prior to 1925 when the new central government institutions began to be set up in Khuzestan, APOC would routinely take drastic coercive measures to evacuate…

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Sanitation, Segregation, and the Politics of Property in Abadan

Credit : Kaveh Ehsani, Leiden University From “The social history of labor in the Iranian oil industry : the built environment and the making of the industrial working class (1908-1941)”     In February 1926 APOC medical director Dr. M. Young provided an assessment of the sanitary challenges facing the urban situation in Abadan: “Even…

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Abadan; Building a Sanitary City

  Credit : Kaveh Ehsani, Leiden University From “The social history of labor in the Iranian oil industry : the built environment and the making of the industrial working class (1908-1941)” Reza Khan concluded his important military campaign against Skeikh Khaz’al in 1924 with a formal visit to Abadan and the Fields. During the visit…

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Labor Troubles in an Expanding Boomtown

 Author: Kaveh Ehsani, Leiden University   From “The social history of labor in the Iranian oil industry : the built environment and the making of the industrial working class (1908-1941)”    Labor recruitment was a major challenge facing APOC, especially in the first two decades of its operation in Iran. The Company had to cast a…

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Labor and the Social Question in Interwar Abadan

  Author: Kaveh Ehsani, Leiden University  [ From “The social history of labor in the Iranian oil industry : the built environment and the making of the industrial working class (1908-1941)” ]   As APOC’s operations kept expanding exponentially throughout the war years, the challenge of recruiting and maintaining an adequate labor force took on…

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Creating Enclaves; Setting Boundaries

    Author: Kaveh Ehsani, Leiden University  [ From “The social history of labor in the Iranian oil industry : the built environment and the making of the industrial working class (1908-1941)” ]   The Oil Company, in particular, tried to carve out exclusive geographies by effectively denationalizing territories over which it could exercise its…

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The 1926 Turning Point: Oil Encounter in Abadan

  Author: Kaveh Ehsani, Leiden University  [ From “The social history of labor in the Iranian oil industry : the built environment and the making of the industrial working class (1908-1941)” ]   The short decade after WWI witnessed the consolidation of the oil industry in Iran. The interlude was a revolutionary turning point on…

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The Social Life of Oil in the Wake of WWI and the Transition to Fordism

  Author: Kaveh Ehsani, Leiden University  [ From “The social history of labor in the Iranian oil industry : the built environment and the making of the industrial working class (1908-1941)” ]   By mid-1920’s APOC was re-organizing into a new form of business organization, which four decades later David Lilienthal named the multi-national corporation[199]….

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The Fallout from the 1926 General Strike

  Author: Kaveh Ehsani, Leiden University  [ From “The social history of labor in the Iranian oil industry : the built environment and the making of the industrial working class (1908-1941)” ]     The social policies that formed the core of the emerging welfare state in post war Britain were highly complex to implement,…

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The Rise to Prominence of Professional Middle Class Experts and their Impact on Corporate Culture and Governmental Social Policies

  Author: Kaveh Ehsani, Leiden University  [ From “The social history of labor in the Iranian oil industry : the built environment and the making of the industrial working class (1908-1941)” ]   When in 1926 APOC undertook the task of re-configuring its operations in Khuzestan, the protracted and extensive discussion among its senior directors…

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Pluralism and Planning: The Impact of Political Franchise and Mass Politics

  Author: Kaveh Ehsani, Leiden University  [ From “The social history of labor in the Iranian oil industry : the built environment and the making of the industrial working class (1908-1941)” ]   In the previous sections I have outlined the impact of public health measures, military conscription, the dramatic expansion of the labor market…

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Setting Oil Policy After the War

  Author: Kaveh Ehsani, Leiden University  [ From “The social history of labor in the Iranian oil industry : the built environment and the making of the industrial working class (1908-1941)” ]   As one of Britain’s major petrochemical and primary industrial materials producers, the attitudes and praxis of APOC directors and experts were constantly…

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Housing and Urban Politics During WWI and After

  Author: Kaveh Ehsani, Leiden University  [ From “The social history of labor in the Iranian oil industry : the built environment and the making of the industrial working class (1908-1941)” ]   In the predominantly working class Britain the increasingly prominent public role of labor and the sacrifices it was asked to make were…

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Oil Versus Coal: Warfare as Midwife of Change of Fuel Source

    Author: Kaveh Ehsani, Leiden University  [ From “The social history of labor in the Iranian oil industry : the built environment and the making of the industrial working class (1908-1941)” ]   In 1911 the United States adopted oil-fired boilers for its new heavy warships. Britain also had begun searching for a sustainable…

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First World War: Total Warfare and the Remaking of Society and Economy

  Author: Kaveh Ehsani, Leiden University  [ From “The social history of labor in the Iranian oil industry : the built environment and the making of the industrial working class (1908-1941)” ]   WWI transformed the world[46] by “mark[ing] a true watershed between the 19th and 20th centuries”, precipitating a social and economic revolution in…

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Sanitation and Segregation in the City

  Author: Kaveh Ehsani, Leiden University  [ From “The social history of labor in the Iranian oil industry : the built environment and the making of the industrial working class (1908-1941)” ]   The politics of sanitation and public health did not create only an inclusive and universal dynamic of citizenship entitlement to a healthy…

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Contagion and the Politics of Prevention

  Author: Kaveh Ehsani, Leiden University  [ From “The social history of labor in the Iranian oil industry : the built environment and the making of the industrial working class (1908-1941)” ] The question of contagious diseases and their root causes became a central preoccupation of urban life in 19th century European and colonial cities…

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Conclusion: From Formal to Real Subsumption to Oil Capitalism

  Author: Kaveh Ehsani, Leiden University  [ From “The social history of labor in the Iranian oil industry : the built environment and the making of the industrial working class (1908-1941)” ]   Abadan’s urban environment had to be carved out of the existing social order, by first fragmenting and then reintegrating it into the…

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Making Abadan an Oil Town: 1911-1921

Author: Kaveh Ehsani, Leiden University  [ From “The social history of labor in the Iranian oil industry : the built environment and the making of the industrial working class (1908-1941)” ] Khuzestan was one of the most impoverished and least urbanized areas of Iran, itself a desperately poor country at the turn of the 20th…

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An Empty Land and a People Without History!?

  Author: Kaveh Ehsani, Leiden University  [ From “The social history of labor in the Iranian oil industry : the built environment and the making of the industrial working class (1908-1941)” ] In chapter one the functional importance to the discourse and practice of modernization of depicting the targeted area for development as desolate and…

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Preparing the Ground in Abadan: The ‘Contract” as Instrument of Dispossession

Author: Kaveh Ehsani, Leiden University  [ From “The social history of labor in the Iranian oil industry : the built environment and the making of the industrial working class (1908-1941)” ] While the land agreements with the Bakhtiyaris were being drawn in Masjed Soleyman the Oil Company was also engaged in making a similar arrangement…

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The Post War Landscape of Unanticipated Outcomes (1918-1926)

Author: Kaveh Ehsani, Leiden University  [ From “The social history of labor in the Iranian oil industry : the built environment and the making of the industrial working class (1908-1941)” ] In the wake of WWI, for the first time, Britain appeared as the absolute master of the situation in Iran and the Persian Gulf[1]….

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The Role and Rule of Experts in Establishing the Oil Complex

Author: Kaveh Ehsani, Leiden University  [ From “The social history of labor in the Iranian oil industry : the built environment and the making of the industrial working class (1908-1941)” ] While the initial D’Arcy Concession of 1908 was the product of crafty and remarkably amoral negotiations and deals between British and Iranian statesmen and…

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Abadan and the World: Conceptualizing a Relational Scalar Politics

Author: Kaveh Ehsani, Leiden University  [ From “The social history of labor in the Iranian oil industry : the built environment and the making of the industrial working class (1908-1941)” ] The story of the Abadan bazaar opens a window into the interplay of the localnational-global forces that produced a new configuration of the oil…

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The New Oil Habitus in Post-War Abadan

Author: Kaveh Ehsani, Leiden University  [ From “The social history of labor in the Iranian oil industry : the built environment and the making of the industrial working class (1908-1941)” ]   Small and local as this episode may appear, it encapsulated the emergence of a new habitus around the oil complex in Khuzestan. WWI…

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The New Bazaar of Abadan: Small Case, Big Story?

Author: Kaveh Ehsani, Leiden University  [ From “The social history of labor in the Iranian oil industry : the built environment and the making of the industrial working class (1908-1941)” ]   In 1925-27 APOC decided to build a “properly planned, efficient, and sanitary” market place in a small area sandwiched between the refinery, the…

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Eminent Persons of Abadan: “Masoud Shojaei”

Wikipedia _ Masoud Soleimani Shojaei (born 9 June 1984) is an Iranian professional footballer of plays for Iran National football team (and also “Alqarafa F.C” in Qatar Stars League”). Mainly an attacking midfielder, he can also play as a winger or forward. After playing in Iran Pro league for two clubs including “F.C Sanatenaft” of Abadan & also…

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The Oil City in an Age of Jazz: Nostalgia and Modernity in Abadan

A lecture in Persian by Rasmus Christian Elling, Copenhagen University. Part of the UCLA CNES and Program of Iranian Studies Bilingual Lecture Series. Sunday, June 01, 2014 4:00 PM – 6:00 PM 121 Dodd Hall UCLA *LECTURE IN PERSIAN The Oil City in an Age of Jazz: Nostalgia and Modernity in Abadan, Iran We often…

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Eminent Persons of Abadan: ‘Dariush Farhang’

Dariush Farhang, born on 27 November 1947 in Abadan , in Iran , is a director, screenwriter and Iranian actor . Biography After primary, school and high school in “Kerman” [Kerman is a ancient province in southeast of Iran], the hometown of his mother, “Dariush Farhang” following his studies at the Faculty of Fine Arts…

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The 1929 Abadan Oil Refinery Strike (abstract)

STEPHANIE CRONIN _ ABSTRACT BY SPRINGER WEBSITE: In May 1929 the operations of the Anglo-Persian Oil Company in Abadan in south-western Iran were shaken by a series of demonstrations and strikes. This sudden eruption of industrial militancy, and the rudimentary workers’ organization which tried to give it shape and leadership, was rapidly suppressed by the…

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Statistical analysis and temporal trend of annual maximum temperatures of Abadan in Southwestern of Iran

  Authors: Yousef Ghavidel Rahimi & Mahmoud Ahmadi _  “Arabian Journal of Geosciences” published by ‘Springer’ Website. Abstract: Human and natural physical caused climate change can affect climate extremes, as well as maximum temperatures. The variations of the interannual and interdecadal hot temperatures have been studied between 1960 and 2012 (53 years) based on Abadan…

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SIZDAH BEDAR – IRANIAN TRADITIONS & CUSTOMS

 Credit: The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies (CAIS) Sizdah-bedar is an Iranian festival tradition, celebrated in the thirteenth day of the Nowrouz (Iranian New Year). Iranians have a tradition of spending the day outdoors on the 13th day of month Farvardin. ”Sizdah-” means thirteen, and ”-bedar”, means to get rid of, i.e “getting rid of…

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Eminent Persons of Abadan: ‘Houshang Golshiri’

Wikipedia. Houshang Golshiri (1937 – 2000) was an Iranian fiction writer, critic and editor. He was one of the first Iranian writers to use modern literary techniques, and is recognized as one of the most influential writers of Persian prose of the 20th century.[1] BIOGRAPHY Early life  Although Golshiri was born on Isfahan in 1937[2]…

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Study on the contamination of Abadan public parks soil with Toxocara spp. eggs

 ‘Komeil M. Jafari’ & his Partners. Background Toxocariasis is a zoonotic disease caused by Toxocaracanis and Toxocaracati Larvae in humans. Infection acquire via the ingestion of infective ova with vegetables or pica or by ingesting products of contaminated paratenic hosts [1-3]. The larva hatch in small intestine and immigrates to other organs, almost to liver…

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Oil as a source of social change

Touraj Atabaki – “NWO Humanities“ The workers in the Iranian oil industry organised themselves faster and on a much larger scale than anywhere else in the Middle East. ‘There are other studies of the Iranian oil industry, but these have often been commissioned by oil companies such as BP or Shell. Never before has light…

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80 years of education in Razi High School

  Razi, is an old high school (opened in 1937 until now) in Abadan. that is including the Abadan cultural symbols. this school that recently was renovated, Is located in the “sikh-line” neighborhood and is close to “statue” square. also the Razi high School in the late of 1940s’ was including the students center for…

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Eminent Persons of Abadan: “Amir Naderi”

Wikipedia _ Amir Naderi (born 15 August 1946 in Abadan) is an Iranian film director, screenwriter, and photographer. He is best known for The Runner and Vegas: Based on a True Story.[1] Career Amir Naderi grew up in Abadan, a working-class port city in the south of Iran. He became interested in photography and cinema…

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Nowruz & Persian New Year is Coming…

From Wikipedia Free Encyclopedia ‘Nowruz’ ( literally “New Day”) is the name of the Iranian New Year,[27][28] also known as the Persian New Year,[29][30] which is celebrated worldwide by Iranian peoples, along with some other ethno-linguistic groups, as the beginning of the New Year. It has been celebrated for over 3,000 years in the Balkans,…

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World Eyes Iran on Oil Seizure Bid

March 25, 1951 By J. H. CARMICAL, The New York Times.  Action of both houses of the Iranian Parliament in voting to nationalize the oil industry again had focused attention on the Middle East to which the center of gravity of the world’s oil production is being shifted rapidly. Coming in the midst of negotiations…

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Chaharshanbeh Suri, last Wednesday before the Iranian New Year

  from Wikipedia free encyclopedia “Chahārshanbeh Suri” is a Iranian festival celebrated by all Iranians such as Persian people, Azerbaijani people, and Kurdish people. The event takes place on the eve of the last Wednesday before Iranian New Year. Loosely translated as Wednesday Light or Red Wednesday, from the word sur which means light/red in…

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‘Duke Ellington’ the jazz legend in Abadan (November 8, 1963)

From “Far of the Middle: Ellington’s 1963 State Department Tour” by ‘Ehsan Khoshbakht’ The third State Department tour of the Middle East which sent Duke Ellington and His Orchestra on the bumpy roads of the troubled region became legendary mostly thanks to the Grammy winner Far East Suite, released four years after the journey. First…

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Eminent Persons of Abadan: ‘Nasser Taghvai’

Wikipedia _ Nāsser Taghvāí (born 1941) is an Iranian film director and screenwriter. Nāsser Taghvāí was born in Abadan, Iran. After early experiences as a story writer, he began filming documentaries in 1967. He made his debut, Tranquility in the Presence of Others, in 1970 and gained the attention of Iranian critics. His concern for…

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Abadan has signed a sister-city agreement with Chinese ‘Karamay’ city

From ‘Khabaronline’ website  Former Governor of Iran’s Southwestern port city of Abadan ‘Bahram Ilkhaszadeh’ in 2012 said that the city plans to encourage Chinese investment in the city’s development projects. Speaking to News Agencies, he mentioned that Abadan has signed a sister-city agreement with Chinese Karamay city! in the Northwestern province of Xinjiang, and said…

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Eminent Persons of Abadan: ‘Najaf Daryabandari’

Najaf Daryabandari (23 August 1929 in Abadan) is an Iranian writer and translator of works from English into Persian. He started translation at the age of 17-18 in Abadan with the book of William Faulkner, A Rose for Emily. He is also the author of a two-volume tome on Iranian cuisine that have collected the…

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Abadan Institute of Technology (AIT)

From AIT ALUMNI ASSOCIATION Location – The Abadan Institute of Technology (AIT) was located in the City of Abadan, Province of Khuzistan in southwest of Iran. AIT was a school of engineering dedicated to training engineers and managers for Iran’s oil industry.  The Institute was funded by the National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC).  Since 1980, there…

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Corporate Social Responsibility and Corporate Control: The Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, 1933-1951

Neveen Abdelrehim, Josephine Maltby, Steven Toms Volume 12, Number 4, December 2011 pp. 824-862 Abstract: A new conceptualization of corporate social responsibility (CSR) is presented as a means of asserting and maintaining corporate control in the face of political, economic, and social challenges. The Anglo-Iranian Oil Company (AIOC) applied different strategies to maintain control of…

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Histories of Oil and Urban Modernity in the Middle East

Nelida Fuccaro [ From: Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East Volume 33, Number 1, 2013 pp. 1-6 ] In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content by “Project Muse” The grand narrative of oil development in the Middle East has been enacted largely on an urban stage,…

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Halifax playwright adapts novel about human relations in wartime

ANDREA NEMETZ ” REPORTED FEBRUARY 2014 AT “HERALD, ART & LIFE” “Shahin Sayadi” was in his early teens when the Iran-Iraq war started with a surprise attack on Abadan, an Iranian industrial city across the arvand river. He didn’t know then his father would be one of the 21 civilians killed on that day in…

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Abadan: A Model for “Ahmadi” in Kuwait

From “Building for Oil: Corporate Colonialism, Nationalism and Urban Modernity in Ahmadi, 1946-1992″ By Reem IR Alissa | University of California, Berkeley   Between 1912 and 1945 Abadan grew to be one of Iran’s first modern cities in a previously scarcely populated area located at the estuary where the Tigris, Euphrates and Karun rivers meet the Persian Gulf.30…

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No Partnership: the case of the Abadan township in the 1920s

  By Reidar Visser From “Gibraltar That Never Was” at “historiae’ website” that was Selected from [Paper presented to the British World conference, Bristol, 11–14 July 2007, originally titled “A Rigid Conception of Britishness: Imperialism, Local Regionalism and Transnational Links among the British of Basra and Abadan, 1890–1940” The factor of self-identity was to prove even…

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LANDSCAPES OF PETROLEUM, COMPANY TOWNS, REPRESENTATIONS AND THEIR IMPACTS ON URBANISM AND SOCIETY: THE CASE OF ABADAN

 Dalal Alsayer | Harvard University | Graduate School of Design Using the energy space of oil ‘company town’ of Abadan in Iran, the territorial paradigm of ‘center’ and ‘periphery’ as it relates to corporations and nations is utilized to explore the dialogue between space, energy, power, culture, and society. Specifically, the project aims to [re]define the…

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Abadan narrated by Iranica

  ĀBĀDĀN, i. History. ii. The modern city. iii. Basic population data, 1956-2011. i. History: In medieval sources, and up to the present century, the name of the island always occurs in the Arabic form ʿAbbādān; this name has sometimes been derived from ʿabbād “worshiper.” Belāḏorī (d. 279/892), on the other hand, quotes the story…

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The lessons of Abadan and Suez for British Foreign policymakers in the 1960s

Peter J. Beck at “research gate” June 2006   ABSTRACT Responding positively to the 1957 initiative encouraging Whitehall departments to use history more systematically in their everyday work, the Foreign Office commissioned a pilot project centred upon the 1951 Anglo-Iranian Abadan crisis. The resulting study, completed by Rohan Butler in 1962, included a lengthy section…

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A Voyage to Abadan (Book introduction)

By Bill Jopes This is a story of the sea training and service during World War II of two Cadet Midshipmen of the United States Merchant Marine Corps. Only about six thousand cadets were trained during the war, a situation which left these men largely unknown and unidentifiable when on leave. The uniform was much…

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Sunrise at Abadan

The Leopard warship was launched in Italy by Anoshiravan Sepahbody _ November 5, 1997 “The Iranian” From “Sunrise at Abadan: The British and Soviet Invasion of Iran, 1941” by Richard A. Stewart, Major U.S. Marine Corps. (Praeger, New York,1988). In memory of Admiral Bayandor and the many valiant Iranian navymen, airmen and soldiers who died…

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LIFE in the Middle East: Power and Petroleum in the Persian Gulf in 1945

 Liz Ronk _ TIME.COM     Oil. A simple word that for much of the 20th century, and well into the 21st, has meant unimaginable wealth for a very few; plentiful and (for a time, at least) cheap energy for consumers and industries around the globe; deadly conflicts and tensions, as international powers jockeyed to…

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Abadan Plane Crash

September 10, 1958 The twin-engine amphibious Martin PBM-5A Mariner P-303 Naval Air for major maintenance on the way home from Biak to New Guinea to the Netherlands when it hits over Persia for the umpteenth time on this arduous journey into difficulties. There is a motor is inoperative, and an oil-leakage. The device makes an…

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The “Abadan Society” Reunion

The “Abadan Society” originally was the theater group in Abadan, Iran. It now is an organization consisting of people that worked in the oil industry in Iran (primarily in Abadan, Ahwaz, M.I.S. or Teheran) for the Iranian Oil Company (NIOC). Most of They members were on loan from U.S. or European oil companies; They membership…

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ABADAN:RETOLD

Everyone should know about Abadan Rasmus Christian Elling (PhD, Associate Professor), University of Copenhagen, Denmark. Feb 25, 2015 Abadan, Iran is special. Across the world, thousands cherish memories of life in what was once a cosmopolitan beacon of modernity in the Middle East, longing for the places, spaces and faces of the city. And yet,…

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When Iran’s Abadan was Capital of the World

by Rasmus Christian Elling, an Associate professor at the University of Copenhagen This article is the second installment in a three-part series on oil, nostalgia, and the southwestern Iranian city of Abadan.The first part in the series can be found here and the third part can be found here. Part Two Abadan is special. Or at least,…

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Abadan: Oil City Dreams and the Nostalgia for Past Futures in Iran

by Rasmus Christian Elling, an associate professor at the University of Copenhagen. This article is the first installment in a three-part series on oil, nostalgia, and the southwestern Iranian city of Abadan. Part two can be found here. Part three can be found here. Part One What if oil is magic? Sure, we are used to…

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Rebuilding Abadan

Advisor: Todd Reisz _   Abadan was the first center of the oil industry in the Persian Gulf, after petroleum was discovered nearby in 1908. Until the 1950’s, Abadan was a company town and home to a large British presence under the auspices of the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, which later split into BP and the…

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Childhood memories of food in 1950s and 60s

By Nasser Zarrabi http://www.aashpaz.com   To appreciate the culinary culture of Abadan, it is important to understand the geography, local products, history, and influences on the culture of the region in question. Abadan, an island in the province of Khuzestan, is situated in the south-west of Iran, next to the border with Iraq. This island…

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Memories of an American boy

>>> Photo essay: Abadan in the ’50s Paul Schroeder April 27, 2007 iranian.com This essay aims to provide some background for the photos taken in Abadan in the late ’50s taken by my father, Charles Schroeder. Some general features of the expatriate experience in Abadan will be given here along with some more personal reminiscences….

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Boom & bust

Social engineering and the contradictions of modernization in Khuzestan’s oil company towns, Abadan and Masjed-Soleyman Kaveh Ehsani The Iranian, February 15, 2005 This essay is a comparative study of the design and social impact of Abadan and Masjed-Soleyman, the first and most important oil towns built in Khuzestan by the Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC). The…

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One thousand times (Poem)

By Shahrzad Irani September 3, 1999 The Iranian One thousand times a day, you tell me that you love me And yet I do not believe you Messengers come with great books declaring your love And yet I cry in my sleep every night With each season, you send a different flower perfuming my house…

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Khoosheh

“I had to see it with my own eyes.” By Siroos Hozhabri January 28, 1999 The Iranian As the plane descended through the clouds, I had my first glimpse of the land I missed so much, that beautiful flat land. We touched down at Mahshahr Airport, walked out and the first breath of air, the…

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Abadan (Poem)

by Shahrzad Irani California _ 1996 The Iranian It is beyond your imagination What I have left behind. I recall the time that I could tell My loving friends: Come, sit beside me and Treat me to a piece of bread Of Kindness For I am hungry; Offer me a drop of water Of faith…

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